Coffee origin: A little history
Despite what it might seem, compared to other drinks or infusions, such as tea, coffee was not known until a few centuries ago. Its origin seems more or less clear, in the former Abyssinia, historical name of a territory that coincides in part with the current Ethiopia, and probably in the Kaffa region, which could be the origin of the current denomination of this concoction.
Abyssinia and Ethiopia, at the birth of the Nile and partly Yemen, are the places that are delegated the origin of coffee. Crowd of legends dating back to the ninth century, but there is no written record before the thirteenth century. Coffee was not taken as we know it, but the pulp or the beans themselves were chewed. Sometimes the pulp fermented and gave rise to a slightly alcoholic beverage, which caused its consumption to be banned at various times.
Although it is very widespread, the legend that tells that a pastor discovered coffee by seeing that his goats were more active than normal, is not very credible. Since the goats eat the pulp and the grain leaves intact in their feces, and it is in the grain where the caffeine resides.
Chewing the green beans is a custom that lasted until recently in several African countries and is said to produce a pleasant feeling of well-being.
We assume that it was a pleasant surprise that the first one who had roasted coffee had to take, noticing the aromas, since from there the consumption of coffee as an infusion became widespread.
In the mid-fifteenth century a priest discovered the stimulating effects of coffee and recommended them to stay during his nightly prayers. In Abyssinia, in the fifteenth century, coffee took over from a traditional infusion and its consumption became popular in Mecca, Syria, Cairo and the entire Near East.
Camel caravans secured coffee supplies from Yemen and Ethiopia (the only producing countries until the 18th century) to Mecca, Egypt, Turkey and from there to Europe. The coffee seeds, before leaving Yemen, were boiled or subjected to the direct action of the fire to sterilize them and thus prevent them from germinating at the destination, in order to preserve the monopoly. It was also forbidden for foreigners to visit the plantations or take plants or sprouted grains under severe penalties. Even so, a Muslim pilgrim, Baba Budan, secretly removed from the country in the seventeenth century, some coffee seeds that germinated in India
Later the sailboats replaced the caravans in the transport of coffee to Europe and the cultivation extended to the tropical strip of the Asian continent. The East India Company was founded in London in 1600 and in 1609 the Dutch East India Company was founded to secure trade with the Indies.
A legend symbolically narrates the discovery of the elaboration of this infusion. As in so many other mythical stories, a pastor was implicated in it, whose name has even passed later: Kaldi.
Apparently, according to Wubalen Tadesse, of the Ethiopian Institute for Agricultural Research, this man observed the extraordinary effect that the consumption of the red fruits of a bush had on his goats: the cattle spent the night hitting boats, just like it happened to the pastor himself when he decided to eat the seeds. Kaldi brought the fruits to wiser men (the monks or the imam, according to the religion of the one who tells the story), and they began to experiment with the fruits.
One of the multiple versions indicates that the monks prepared an infusion with the raw seeds and that the result was so unpleasant that they threw the fire into the fire: the consequences were spectacular; the fruits were roasted and expanded their characteristic smell throughout the monastery.
The monks, or the imam, proceeded to prepare an infusion with those fragrant remains and soon discovered that the drink allowed them to spend the night awake and dedicated to prayer.
5 benefits of coffee to improve our health.
Every day we care more about our health and our doctors keep telling us that we must lead an active life and a balanced diet. But what about coffee? Well, all those who want to live longer should drink coffee.
Surprising, because until very recently one of the first things that was removed from the diet of the sick was coffee. But studies in recent years have shown that coffee is not only not a cause of these diseases but can help you live longer.
Fight certain types of cancer
Moderate coffee consumption could be related to a lower risk of developing certain types of tumors according to recent international studies published in widely recognized journals such as the American Journal of Epidemiology, Public Health Nutrition or the British Journal of Cancer. Full study here.
It makes us live longer
Dr. Leandro Plaza, president of the Spanish Heart Foundation, recalled that “according to recent epidemiological research published by prestigious international publications, the daily consumption of up to four cups of coffee is directly associated with greater longevity and greater survival of the general population, since it has been proven that the risk of suffering most diseases decreases ”
The work done by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the United States, published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medine.
Take care of our heart
Another study published in the journal of the American Heart Association (AHA), Circulation Heart Failure, demonstrates the cardioprotective effect of coffee as it is associated with a decrease in the risk of developing heart failure. This meta-analysis of five prospective studies, carried out by the Harvard University School of Public Health, communicates that, once the consumption of four cups of coffee is exceeded, its beneficial properties decrease, again experiencing an increase in cardiovascular risk. You can read the full studies here and here.
It has antioxidant effects
Coffee exerts a protective effect against a number of diseases in which oxidative stress is involved in cells such as cardiovascular or neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's. More on this here.
It helps us to perform more
There is evidence that coffee can improve speed and power in short but intense efforts and that it improves fatigue resistance. It is ideal for athletes and helps us concentrate, be alert and perform more. Whenever we lead an active and healthy life.
Coffee Ritual in Ethiopia, an important ceremony in hotels and homes in that region.
The grain was discovered in Ethiopia hundreds of years ago and from that land Arab traders
The ceremony is repeated, faithful to its origin and its spirit, with all its solemnity, in all the great festivities, to honor visitors and friends, at weddings or family celebrations. This constitutes an essential part of traditional Ethiopian hospitality. Coffee is something very important in Ethiopia, there it was discovered hundreds of years ago, and from these lands it was distributed all over the world, through Yemen, thanks to Arab merchants. At present, some of the best varieties come from these lands and their exportation has become one of the main sources of income in the country.
Curiosities about coffee. Surely many of you already know them but you will find something that you still did not know about your favorite drink. If you know, any other curiosity leave it in the comments. We start:
Yirgacheffe, Sidamo and Others: A Guide to Ethiopia's Cafes
Ethiopia, widely recognized as the homeland of coffee, is deeply respected in the special coffee industry. The beans of this nation are a classic on the menus of coffee shops around the world.
Nevertheless, why do Ethiopian coffees have such an excellent reputation? In addition, how much do you really know about this origin?
The coffee regions of Ethiopia are extremely varied, with tasting profiles that differ drastically between regions, microregions or even farms. But many of these coffees are exceptional Arabicas that will make you want to order more. Read on to discover more about the homeland of coffee.