Five things you never imagined about coffee
We love to drink coffee, it is part of our daily routine and we would not be the same without our first cup in the morning. However, the world of coffee keeps many secrets. Do you want to discover 5 amazing new things about coffee.
1. Coffee beans are seeds of coffee cherries
Although we always call them beans, in reality what we roast are coffee seeds. They are contained inside a berry called ‘cherry’. To extract them you need the good hand and work of the experts in coffee plantations. The process of obtaining coffee beans is the beneficiary, which can be dry or wet.
2. There are more than 60 species of coffee, but two are the most cultivated worldwide
At present more than sixty species of the genus Coffea are known. However, only two are grown for human consumption worldwide. These are the Coffea Arabica and the Coffea Canéphora or Robusta. The main difference between the two is the percentage of caffeine, almost double in Robusta grains than in Arabica grains. The flavor and aroma is also one of the main differences, being the Arabica much softer and aromatic. For this reason, about 75% of current plantations are dedicated to Arabica Coffea.
3. How many coffee beans do you think are in your espresso?
On average, 40 coffee beans are needed to achieve that cup of espresso that you are drinking right now. Why so many? The reason is clear, what reaches your cup is filtered water, through ground coffee, to extract all the aromas and flavors it is necessary to have about 8gr of ground coffee. There the 40 grains come into play. It is they who give you the pleasure of your espresso.
4. Each coffee plant produces only 1 kg of coffee per year
The coffee plant, the coffee tree, grows in very specific climatic conditions: temperatures ranging between 15ºC and 25ºC, an altitude between 600m and 1700m above sea level and a high relative humidity. This gives rise to the well-known coffee triangle, a geographical area suitable for growing coffee. However, to the climatic restrictions in the production of coffee, the own characteristics of the plant are added: the coffee trees produce, every year, around 0.5kg and 1kg of coffee. For this reason, you will also have heard of coffee as ‘black gold’.
5. If you drink two cups of coffee a day, in one year you will have consumed the production of 18 coffee
If you have done the calculation correctly, you will have verified that you are a true coffee lover.